Leg pain in any region of your leg is an extremely common sign of disease or trauma. There are several potential causes for leg pain, from whiplash accidents to arthritis and tendonitis. Other causes may relate to the tendons, nerves, blood vessels, muscles, bones, soft tissue, or tendons. You may find more details about this at Pulse Vascular-Leg Pain.
The usual course of action is to rest the affected leg and apply heat and/or ice to alleviate the muscle cramps. However, depending upon the exact cause of your leg pain, this course of action may be ineffective. If the pain is due to whiplash or a direct blow to the back, chances are good that a doctor will prescribe pain relievers to alleviate the pain as well as recommend a chiropractor or physical therapist to help with the problem. However, if the pain results from a longer injury or from muscle straining, simple stretches and exercises may be enough to relieve the pain and prevent a recurrence of injuries and related problems. Rest is often the first step, but ice and heat can also be used on short notice.
Your doctor may suggest that you get x-rays taken to look at the extent of the muscle or joint damage. Sometimes there are small tears in the veins or in the muscles. If your doctor detects swelling, inflammation, or bruising of any kind, this could also be an indication that you have injured your calf muscles or tendons. If you do have minor symptoms of calf muscle pain or back pain that does not disappear after a few days, see your doctor immediately to ensure that it is not a symptom of a more serious problem or illness.